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HISTORY

 

S.Ippolito is a village in the province of Cosenza. It sits on a hill about 450 meters above sea level and is about 7 Kilometers from Cosenza. It is a very small village with only about 700 inhabitants and with Borgo Partenope form the second ward of the city of Cosenza.

Like many of the other villages in the area, the origins of S.Ippolito go probably to the time of the invasion of Cosenza by the Saraceni at about the end of the 900s when, to escape the devastation, many residents of the city sought refuge in the surrounding hills where they built primitive huts forming the, so called, “Casali di Cosenza”. Eventually those Casali were divided in groups with one of them, probably the largest, as the head one.

They were, for the most part, under government jurisdiction except for a period during the Spanish domination when some of them were sold by the rulers of the time to feudal lords. Historians Andreotti and Arnoni mention the participation of S.Ippolito in the insurgency of 1813 organized by Capobianco.

S.Ippolito and Borgo Partenope were in the group headed by Pietrafitta and remained there through the centuries until 1892 when, by popular initiative, they became part of the city of Cosenza and they still are. Donnici Inferiori and Donnici Superiori, two towns nearby, were already under the jurisdiction of Cosenza. The various earthquakes that devastated the whole area in centuries past did not spare S.Ippolito. A tremor in 1638 destroyed 38 houses and killed four people, another in 1783 damaged several houses and both Churches. The earthquake of March 8, 1832 marked the beginning of the celebration of the second yearly feast of S.Ippolito on that date in thanksgiving to the Saint for sparing the Church. During the earthquake of February 12, 1854, S.Ippolito was hit harder then the rest of the area, most of the houses were destroyed or damaged, so were both Churches, six people died and many were injured.

The end of the 1800s marked the beginning of the massive first wave of emigration, originally to South America, then to the U.S. The second large wave after World War II was toward other Countries in Europe, especially Belgium but again mostly toward the U.S. and Canada.

 
 
 

~ on line dal 10 Ottobre 2005 ~

Created by Valentina & Lorenzo Coscarella