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HISTORY

 

Borgo Partenope, like S.Ippolito, is  part of the Municipality of Cosenza. It also sits on a hill at about 500 meters above sea level and has about 260 inhabitants. Its name changed from Turzano or Torzano to Borgo Partenope at the beginning of the 1900s.

The historic facts about the town are scarce at best. Some believe that the name Turzano or Turzanus  indicates a Roman origin and that the area where it and other villages are located was given to Roman officers in recompense for their services. No documents exist to back this theory. The period with some historic certainty starts in the 10th century when Cosenza was repeatedly invaded by the Saraceni and many of the inhabitants escaped to the nearby hills, forming the “Casali di Cosenza”. Torzano, with others in the area, were part of the group headed by Pietrafitta. The Casali were for the most part under Government jurisdiction except for a period during the Spanish domination when some of them were sold to feudal lords, 1596, 1631 and 1644.  In 1647 the people of Torzano like those of S.Ippolito took an active part in the popular uprising that started in Cosenza.

Torzano like S.Ippolito was part of the Municipality of Pietrafitta until the end of the 1800s when, by popular initiative, became part of that of Cosenza. Donnici Inferiori and Donnici Superiori were already part of Cosenza.

In 1555 Rutilio Benincasa, philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer, was born in Torzano. Some believe that Pietro Negroni a renowned southern painter of the 16th century was also born there.  

In the course of history the town was damaged and structurally changed by the many earthquakes, especially in 1638 when there were 35 deaths, also in 1783 and 1854.

The old Church of S. Nicola was damaged by the various quakes and completely destroyed by the one of 1905. It was later rebuilt at a different location.

That earthquake also destroyed the town which was rebuilt and renamed Borgo Partenope  in honor of the commission sent from Naples to aid the survivors and help in the reconstruction.

Like the rest of the area, Torzano also experienced the large emigration of the last century, first to South America, and the United States then to Belgium, Germany and Canada. Very few returned and so the population was cut by two thirds.

 

 
 

~ on line dal 10 Ottobre 2005 ~

Created by Valentina & Lorenzo Coscarella